What is Neurosurgery?
It is a branch that interferes with diseases that affect many vital functions such as the narrowing in the neck vessels and the disorders occurring during the formation of the nervous system in newborns, selected Parkinson's case that does not respond to drug treatment, epilepsy. The meaning of neurosurgery, which is derived from the words shiruji and neuron; "It heals the nervous system wounds." In the brain and nerve diseases clinics, the diagnosis and treatment of the disorders seen in both child and adult patient categories are made. Doctors working in the field of science, where many high-tech devices are used during microsurgery and surgical procedures, receive specialization training for five or six years after 6 years of medical education. The neurosurgeons or neurosurgeons are experts in the field of neurosurgery, where the necessary diagnosis and treatment methods are applied by working with the departments of neurology, neuroanesthesia and neuroradiology.
What Does Neurosurgery Look For?
The diagnosis and surgical treatment of malignant and benign brain tumors, tumors involving the peripheral nerves and spinal cord tumors are within the field of neurosurgery. The most common types of spinal cord and spinal disorders; It is responsible for the surgical treatment of diseases such as neck and lumbar hernias, spinal stenosis, i.e. spinal canal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, or lumbar shift. Especially nervous system traumas, that is, traumatic brain hemorrhage, head traumas, spinal cord injuries, and situations requiring emergency surgical intervention fall under the responsibility and knowledge field of neurosurgeons.
The spinal curvature of the spine, hydrocephalus, chroniosynostosis, swelling in the waist and neck as a result of spinal cord deficits, namely surgical treatment of the innate nervous system anomalies are the responsibility of this area. Surgical treatments for cerebral hemorrhage and other bleeding requiring medical surgery are also the responsibility of neurosurgery. In the functional neurosurgery field, the necessary insertion of the brain battery in parkinsonian or other movement disorders, epilepsy not controlled by medication, surgical treatment of epilepsy patients, surgical interventions related to pain; Cordotomy, rhizotomy, RF, in cases of extreme muscle spasms due to the established paralysis, are the conditions treated by neurosurgery in cases such as placing the pump and placing the nerve stimulator. The neck vein occlusion or stenosis (carotid stenosis) seen in adults and water accumulation in the cavities in the brain, namely hydrocephalus, are among the areas of neurosurgeons. What Diseases Does Neurosurgery Look For
A neurosurgeon looks and treats the following diseases:
- Aneurysm ie ballooning,
- Spinal cord, spine and brain tumors,
- All kinds of spinal disorders, especially the neck and lumbar hernia,
- Arteriovenous Malformation etc…